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The Canada Goose is one of the most common birds in North America. You can see them in parks, farmer’s fields, and in lakes, rivers and streams. In the fall you can see them by the thousands migrating south in V-shaped formations. In the spring you can see them migrating north, though in a dry year they will migrate north early searching for water. It is a delight to see them overhead, and it’s a thrill to hear them cackling as they fly. Some Canada Geese are local and do not migrate. They go where the water and the food are. The Canada Goose feasts on aquatic plants, insects, and seeds and can quickly devour a farmer’s field of grass or crops.
The Canada Goose is a large bird, ranging from 22-inches in some varieties to as large as 45 inches and weighing 24 pounds. There are over 10 subspecies of Canada Geese. They mingle in the winter time, but are faithful to their mate and return to their own nesting grounds each spring. The pairs breed in the third year on lake shores and in marshes. The female builds the nest and lays from five to ten eggs, which are white with no markings. The female incubates the eggs from 25-30 days. The juveniles look just like the adults, and you can’t tell a male from a female except that if you see a group of them feeding and there is a sentinel on the edge of the flock, it will be a male.
Martha Van Natta
Additional information: see Wikpedia - Canada Goose